R.E.M was an American rock band from Athens, Georgia, that was formed in 1980 by drummer Bill Berry, guitarist Peter Buck, bassist/backing vocalist Mike Mills, and lead vocalist Michael Stipe. R.E.M. made its first national television appearance on Late Night with David Letterman in October 1983,during which the group performed a new, unnamed song. The piece, eventually titled “So. Central Rain (I’m Sorry)”, became the first single from the band’s second album, Reckoning (1984), which was also recorded with Easter and Dixon.It wasn’t until 1987 that they hit the big time, and achieved mainstream success, with the single The One I Love, before signing with Warner Bros Records in 1988.In the early 1990s, the band released two more commercially successful albums, Out Of Time (1991) and Automatic For The People (1992), which catapulted them to international fame.Losing My Religion was released as the first single from R.E.M’s 1991 album Out Of Time. Despite being built on a mandolin riff, the song became the band’s highest charting hit in the United States, reaching number 4 and therefore bringing their music to a much wider range of listeners.R.E.M. helped raise funds for environmental, feminist and human rights causes, and were involved in campaigns to encourage voter registration. The band is a member of the Canadian charity Artists Against Racism.